Category Archives: Uncategorized

The Quest for Better Questions

As a librarian, my professional life is held tightly together by a beautifully tangled nest of questions;

 the research questions;same quesiton

the location questions,

the good book questions,

the Waldo questions,

the computer questions,

and of course the bathroom questions

As an elementary school librarian, my professional life is held tightly together by a staggeringly daunting effort to get better questions. 

“When you say research on an animal… which ones did you have in mind? Are you asking about our scary fiction books or our scary nonfiction books? Did you already look on the waldo shelf for Waldo?, What were you doing when those pictures “just appeared” on your screen? and of course, no you can wait.

To date I have developed a 4 step plan for daily library use in answering questions:


Step 1: Listen for what is being asked as well as what is being said.

The teacher asking for Whimblery Worried may want books about kids with anxiety, 


Step 2:  Make certain the kids see me AND MY THINK as I ask questions.

“9 out of 8  elem.teachers don’t ask students to do a research project without showing them how so we may need to just find some cool animals.”


Step 3:  Get the kids to think about their own questions. 

“Dude, where was Waldo every other time you have checked out every other Waldo.”


Step 4: Make certain the kids see me AND MY THINK as we answer questions.

“I can think of several ways those pictures could have “just appeared” but most of them are awfully complicated, so walk me through what you were doing when this miracle occurred.

The thing is this; questions can be used as a shortcut to thinking or they can be used as a tool for more powerful thinking. The trick is to figure out how to get into one while avoiding the other.

Teaching children how to ask better questions, and find their own answers to those questions. That may be the most important part of this job and possibly our best hope for humans to get out of the 21st century without self-destructing.

So, the questions at this point should be. What are your thoughts? What am I missing and what should I be thinking about?


Black History Month 2019

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

It’s Black History Month, a time to remind myself that I am a white middle-aged, middle-class, male.  I live in a rural suburb of one of the whitest states in the U.S.  I am the embodiment of white privilege.

I would not say that I struggle with the guilt of my position, but I do struggle to understand other perspectives.  A software engineer from Nairobi explained it to me like this.

“You have the optimism of a white guy because in your head your default setting is that everything will work out in the end.  Because for you, it always does, and historically always has. The personal narrative genetically encoded in your pigment has reinforced that forever.  That is not optimism that works for me/us.  The narrative I am wired to hear is a cautionary tale at its best.”

However scientifically questionable, the link between pigment and optimism  I like the idea of genetically encoded narratives and absolutely believe that we are shaped by the stories we live. So, in an effort to adding broader spectrum to the stories we share with our students, here is an updated list of GREAT books that focus on lives of those with a narrative of a different color.

What is not listed here are the books that I read with more adult eyes.

  • The Underground Railroad   by Colson Whitehead
  • Between the World and Me  by Ta-Nehisi Coates
  • Go Set the Watchman            by Harper Lee
  • The Hate You Give                  by Angie Thomas

The ED Channel

the ed channel

It occurred to me the other night while my son was watching TV and I was reading.

We could solve all the problems in education if we just start our own cable channel.

The ED channel

We could produce quality shows like…


Where teachers master teachers from across the country are given one hour to prepare and present a lesson and include the mystery curriculum to our panel of experts.

Teachers Tutors and trainers:

“Watch as Gal Fieri drives across the country in a Prius to explore experience and exploit classrooms and the amazing ways educators are getting the job done.”

Extreme Classroom Makeover:

A whole bunch of shop teachers join forces with designers and architect to remodel classroom to create engaging learning environments.

Keeping Up with the Kindergartens:

More drama, more tears, and more authentic beauty than any other reality show.


Teachers compete to finish the best lesson possible while being sabotaged with strange but somehow entertaining limitations.

Or my personal favorite,

Library Hoarders:

An often-painful look inside the dark corners and dusty shelves of the teachers that might actually love books a bit too much.

Think of the power behind this stupid idea for just a minute.

  • The Food network pulls in over 100 million in ads alone.
  • The general public would actually see what teachers do.
  • Teachers would get to see what other teachers do.
  • Merit pay would be called profit sharing.

Last year (pre-cable) my son would come home from practice and fix himself a PB&J or burnt grilled cheese.

This week he broiled turkey, prosciutto​, and provolone on Focaccia, with a garlic aioli spread.

I asked…

He said “What…Bobby Flay does this all the time.”

The Best Support Hero Award Goes To…

My boss has this nice wooden sign in her office that says

“I Teach, what’s your superpower.” i teach

As a comic book buff, I smile at that every time I am in her office. As a TOSA I see many teachers with different superpowers every week. Some can coax an angry child out from under a desk, other can break down multi-layered math, or help a struggling writer find their voice. I know we live in a world where the attention is all about the individual, the singular hero; but I am an ensemble guy. I don’t know what it says about my personality but I have always been a fan of supporting characters and secondary heroes, the ones that lacked the glory but made the adventure possible.  For me, Robin Williams supporting character in Good Will Hunting is the reason that movie works. I also believe that Denzel’s supporting work is the best part of Glory. I like the dialogue, the interaction, and connections that happen when complex characters share pieces of their world, whether it is real or imagined. As a young comic book reader, I liked X-Men, Avengers, and The Fantastic Four;


teams of strong complete characters who together always made the story better. These characters were designed to be part of an ensemble. Each clearly defined and acknowledged for the powers and skills they have honed to superhuman levels.

There is an easy correlation to be made between an ensemble cast of heroes and a bevy of educators. Similarly, teachers are not genetically designed to be singular heroes like Superman or Ironman. We are work in concert with our team, and the student, and our school or our own learning networks to change the lives of twenty or thirty kids at a time.

There is a more subtitle context in ensemble hero stories. One that has more value than a good analogy. It is simply the idea that Group work expands the known universe.

Obviously working in teams or groups allows us to take on bigger challenges. However, it also exposes us to other methods.


Marvel has masterfully harvested that same subtitle energy from their Cinematic Universe. Each gathering of heroes is an opportunity to meet new heroes. In order for Marvels biggest blockbuster to work, they had to develop a storyline for each of the characters. Which leads me to the question, could school district get more out of their collection of superhero teachers by following the Marvel formula?

Can we find a way to bring together disparate groups of talented educators to solve large-scale problems?  If we did so, would that ultimately lead to a deeper and stronger cast of heroic pedagogists.


The Language of Young Makers in Action.


We spent the first two weeks of this month bouncing between 4th-grade groups building Rube Goldberg machines and Kindergarten classes crafting balloon-powered cars.  There are striking similarities in these groups, especially for a teacher but the one that struck me the most this month was listening to the language of creation. The words the kids used as they navigated the cycles of success and frustration that is making.

We know words and language matter. We know that the phrases we adopt are a reflection, both intentional and subconsciously, of who we are and want to be. Even to an inarticulate 5-year-old, words have nuance and innuendo, and whether we like it or not the words used within our sphere have an impact on both our actions and our mood.

The language in a kinder class is usually carefully crafted, modeled by experts that know, that to the young ears around them a job has a sense of ownership and work does not. But in a maker setting, the talk is coming from the kids more than the adults. It is not careful or expert.

The language of a 10-year-old is more complex of course, but it is built on the same structure. So, I wondered, what does making sound like across a 5 year span?

Below is a representative sample of what I heard:

“How do you do this?”

We gonna need mas tape?

“Do you wanna start here?

Okay, you do the tape and I get to put on the wheels.

Dude, Dude dude, Test it and see how far off the ramp…

Da wheel won’t turn and I think we gotta make it turn to work.

Hey guys, what if we…

How cum dos guys got blue tape?

You’re not even listening to…

Did you have a way to…

What can we use to…

How come that didn’t work?

What if we make that go faster?

Hey, how did you do that?

Look look the tape is sticking to my eyeball.

The language of maker education is full of questions.  Divergent questions, evaluative questions, reflective questions and certainly rhetorical questions as well. The bulk of the conversations I listened in on, over the last two weeks were dominated by the self-perpetuation of engaged curiosity.

I didn’t think to keep a tally at the time, but I would guess roughly half conversations I heard and more of the questions themselves where simply students thinking out loud. (More of that self-talk in the kinder classes certainly.) As an old classroom teacher, I only knew a student was thinking during class after I read their paper over the weekend. Now, that thinking is heard the chatter of the room. It offers me auditory verification of engagement and agency. It also serves as a reminder that most of the time, for most of us, thinking is integrated with doing.

-I imagine Rodin’s Thinker would have solved his problem by now if he would just get up and do something.2009-04-08

As I was tracking as many conversations as I could in busy classrooms of bustling kids, that continually interrupted my note taking with questions, I kept thinking back to all those quoted stats about how much curiosity and questioning die when children get into school.

I have been teaching too long to doubt the validity of those statistics whatever the numbers are, but I also have little doubt that the data did not come from classes that were busy building stuff.

A Two Week Celebration of Story

The last two weeks have been the Carnevale celebration of two uniquely human attributes working in concert to expand our perception and imagination. A street party celebration of how to share a good story

The Caldecott, The Newbery, The Oscars, The Printz, The Odyssey, and The Geisel, awards and/or nominations all came out in the last couple of weeks. This is the sweet spot in the calendar year when the variety, power, and artistry of story and the diversity, ingenuity, and innovation of making join forces in an epic display of human-ness. Our species can be relied upon to do two things. We tell stories and we make stuff.

These cold and gloomy days of January and February must have been designed specifically for us humans to curl up and share a story.  The 21-century was built to be a petri dish in which we play with the forms and technics that make that sharing those stories more possible and powerful.

Every year I use the list of Oscar nomination animated short to talk to students about inferences and power of imagery in reading, this year’s offerings do not disappoint.

I use the Odyssey winner and nominees to introduce the element of voice, dialogue and the power of the spoken word.

Stories have always been a fundamental part of how we teach not in small part because they are one of the primary ways our brains process information and find meaning, but only in the last century have we had more than one, maybe two forms offered to us. Today I can think of eight different story formats that are readily available to our students.

As powerful and wonderful and just plain fun as the idea of all those story forms is. It is even more powerful, wonderful and fun to know that our students both the access and the tools to copy, enhance or create and share their own story forms.

Some examples of story forms you and your students may want to take advantage of:



  • Create an Audio story—
    • This requires a Chromebook
    • 20180126_133847
  • Create an Audio story with sound effects –
    • This requires a Chromebook And a tab open to
    • 20180126_133931
  • Stop motion –
    • This requires a bunch of time and a Chromebook
    • digicamp2015_stopmotion101_featured
  • Shadow puppets –
    • Stick puppets are for babies unless you put them behind a screen then you get shadow puppets, which are super cool.
    • pink panther shadow puppets (c) andre musta_411x308
  • 5 Picture Stories— Also called 5 frame stories
    • This is great for story sequence lessons
    • freeze-frame-assignment-21



Unstymied by 21st-Century Writing

Sitting in a PLC, the team and I were stuck between complaining and planning for a new writing unit. As recent recipients of one to one Chrome Books the push was on to modernize, personalize, and digitize our lessons. Something the creators of our writing curriculum had not considered.  We were genuinely stymied.

I should start with a couple confessions, as it is fundamental to the story that you understand them from the outset.

  • I am the unapologetically proud owner of a 20th-century mind.
    • I think better with paper and pencil than a tablet and stylus,
    • My thumbs are not built to type on a keyboard the size of my palm.
    • In my heart, I know that real books are made of paper.
    • I am the unapologetically proud teacher of 21st-century learners.
  • My job is to prepare them for tomorrow, for a digital world where paperclips are more of an icon than an actual piece of wire.
    • Writing has pivoted into a craft that often hidden to my old brain.

To un-stymie myself and understand how to give my students the skills they need to thrive in a world where writing is as amorphous as the digital formats on which it appears, I needed to find a way to remodel and update the classic structure of my thinking. So I went to the tenants of evidence-based practices for teaching writing, the research backed work that articulates what kids need to know to write well. In the most basic terms, these are the most commonly agreed upon foundations of what makes good writing instruction.

The practices look and read as though they may have been pinned in the 19th-century. Like classic riffs form Elvis or quotes from F. Scott Fitzgerald, they hold up well but do seem dated.

Then I ventured into the wilds of the World Wide Web to untangle the puzzle before me. One does not really get un-stymied in a web search so much as you become misdirected and mislead by simple answers to complex questions.

The solutions suggested by the internet are more flash than impact.  Clever algorithms that would check student grammar but without context or explanation, Apps that would help students brainstorm or graphically organize their thoughts in pretty ways.

Beyond the flash and dazzle of internet marketing:

  • The power of peer editing a document in Google Docs is a stand-alone game changer. Real-time, and anytime comments, a track-able history of who has written what and the just ability to point students to resources with a quick link has changed classroom group work from a slow methodical drudgery into an active debate.

It turns out what digitization and technology offer young writers is an audience that cares about whatever my students care about.  Good, even great 21st-century writing is hidden all over the web like trees within a vast forest.

YouTube scripts,


Fan fiction,

Blog posts,

Even the comment chains and Facebook posts.

The fundamental difference, if not the only difference between these and the assignment we have used for eons is the audience. Having an audience increases engagement, engagement increase effort and effort increase success.

21st-century writing comes in different forms that need to be explored and individually weighed for their value, but there is an abundance of value there.

My Year of Teaching Dangerously …so far.

I am roughly halfway through what I have taken to calling “my year of teaching dangerously”. teaching dangerouslyGranted teaching is not generally thought of as a dangerous job.  We are more the protective empathetic group. We are not thought of as professional risk- taker, as much as we are professional supporters. Educators are more about tested and proven than we are cutting edgy and experimental. However, this year I have been trying the edgy by having students own the learning and experimenting by letting them make the decisions. Adding to that danger factor, I do not do any of this in my own classroom.

I gave up the structured security of instructional coaching, in a school I knew, with teachers I respected and administrators I admired to try to kick-start a maker-learning program throughout our district.

The path of my quest to enhance the learning in our corner of the world has changed, stumbled, developed, stalled, and sprouted. Over the last 6 months so it feels like a good time to step back and get some perspective.94001

There is a weight to this year of teaching dangerously. When I succeed in building good lessons loaded with student agency both teachers and students get excited by the work being done as well as the possibilities implied. When I flop, it is done openly and honestly with sheepish smiles and input from everyone but not generally with an invitation to return.

  • I have always thought of myself as a learner, but My year of teaching dangerously has turned me into a student again.
  • I spend my school hours swinging like a pendulum between wanting to be given the answer and wanting to find it on my own.
  • I am frequently mired down in uncertainty and doubt.
  • I have had asked more questions since September than I can count.
  • I have had to learn the dull and dry material to make the most of the cool stuff I really want to learn, and I have had moments of inspiration and ones fell flat.
  • I want to be learning about the things that matter to me but I am willing and able to put in the effort to make the connections between what I need and what I want. I want to try ideas out, even if it is just to see how it fails.
  •  hate the deadlines and pressure and justifications that feel arbitrary and shallow, but I admit that, at least to some extent, they have kept me on task and vigilant.

In the last six months, I have done some of the best teaching of my career.1c4c31ef4ebd28cc050b6cb8506c216d

Because of that single fact alone, I would have to say that my year of teaching dangerously is going well. I would like more clarity on the future of this quest, and more feedback from those that make choices. Although I know that most students have anxiety about the future and crave meaningful feedback so perhaps wonderings are a natural consequence being a learner.


Making Adds Meaning to Everything



Two weeks ago, we took down all the Christmas stuff in our house. This weekend I finally finished putting all the bins, bundles and boxes into their respective closets and crawl spaces. As I was hunched over feeling my age it occurred to me that a huge part of our collected Christmas is homemade by family, or kid made at school or handmade and bought while traveling.

It should be noted that this is in no way a mark of quality, especially regarding that second category.

The reason that we puzzle together storage space every year for these personally designed popsicle pine trees and macaroni snowmen is that the simple act of building elicited a sense of ownership and individual connection. The artifact becomes a marker of the maker.IMG_7197

Even on a subconscious level, on topics that are not important or real, the idea that something was crafted with individual intent adds value.  Making is an individual effort that humans admire.

The importance and the power of making are quickly building its way back into prominence in education. It is an integral part of personalization and project-based learning. But more importantly, the impact of maker based learning works because making adds meaning.

Looking beyond the sentimental value, past the inherently personalized learning that making adds to classroom work, there is great research to support these ideas. Harvard’s Project Zero, MIT’s Lifelong Kindergarten, and Stanford’s D-School have all dug into the Maker education and are pushing it with real enthusiasm.

If you still need the kind of evidence that only happens in your own classroom just wait a couple weeks.  By then your students will be prepping for Valentine’s day. After the dust settles, look at the pile valentines on your desk.  Which ones hold the most value for you?